প্রশ্ন ৯০·সময় ৩ ঘণ্টা

1. A car, sounding a hom of frequency $1000 \mathrm{~Hz}$, is moving directly towards a wall at a speed of $15 \mathrm{~ms}^{-1}$. If speed of sound is $340 \mathrm{~ms}^{-1}$, then the frequency of the echo heard by the driver is:

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

2. Three capacitors 2,3 and $6 \mu \mathrm{F}$ are connected in series to a $10 \mathrm{~V}$ source. The charge on the $3 \mu \mathrm{F}$ capacitor is:

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

3. For a certain gas, the ratio of specific heats is given by $\gamma=1.4$. For this gas:

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

We believe that the earth is about 4.6 billion years old. At present, we are forced to look to other bodies in the solar system for hints as to what the early history of the earth was like. Studies of our Moon, Mercury, Mars and the large satellites of Jupiter and Saturn have provided ample evidence that all these large celestial bodies were bombarded by smaller objects in a wide variety of sizes shortly after the larger bodies have formed. This same bombardment must have affected earth as well. The lunar record indicates that the rate of impacts decreased to its present low level about 4 billion years ago. On erath, subsequent erosion and crustal motions have obliterated the craters that must have formed during this epoch. Scientists estimate the earth's age by measuring the ratios of various radioactive elements in rocks. The oldest earth rocks tested thus far are about $\mathrm{3\frac{1}{3}}$ billion years old. But no one knows whether these are oldest rocks on earth. Tests on rocks from the moon and on meteorites show that these are about 4.6 billion years old. Scientists believe that this is the true age of the solar system and probably the true age of the earth.