English 1st Paper আদমজী ক্যান্টনমেন্ট কলেজ, ঢাকা 2024

প্রশ্ন ·সময় ২ ঘণ্টা ৩০ মিনিট

1. Read the following text and answer the question B 

We spend money for different reasons. We buy foods, clothes or everyday essentials, pay for different services, entertain people, travel to places, help others in need or invest in business and thus spend money every day. In fact, spending is a part of our life. Spending may make us happy or unhappy depending on how and why we spend. When we spend money on things that we need and within our limit, it is good. When it becomes a compulsive behavior, it makes life stressful. Unnecessary spending or spending beyond one’s means has some bad effects. For one thing, it may lead to financial ruin or debt, and for another, it may create unhappiness within families. People who overspend are never satisfied with what they have. They always rush for brands, fashion items, designer clothes etc. Over a period of time, it becomes an addiction which may eventually create psychological problems. Nowadays consumer items are displayed in stores or in advertisements in ways that they create a feeling of immediate need for them. We are constantly tempted to buy, use or consume things even when we do not have a genuine need. We all need to be careful here. Salespersons often encourage customers to buy things by flattering them. ‘This is a perfect match for you,’ they would say, or ‘You look so stunning in that dress.’ Never forget, they say the same thing to most of their customers. It is better not to be persuaded by such words. They use these words to please the customers as the more a customer buys, the higher the profit is. Overspending is not only related to shopping, it applies to other activities as well such as eating out. Many people buy too many items to eat in a restaurant. They can eat only some of them and the rest are wasted. It’s not a responsible attitude. We cannot simply waste food because we have money to buy it. Young people in a shopping mall often look at an item on display and think ‘Oh I must buy this. I really need this.’ They may not have the money needed in their wallet. So they use credit cards but using them is like taking a loan. If they are not careful, the loans increase which might lead them to a debt-trap. Sometimes children insist on buying things that their parents cannot pay without stretching their budget. This may happen because the children’s friends also have them. It’s not fair as it becomes a burden for the parents.Finally, don’t get trapped by the glossy advertisements on television or the Internet. You should rather ask yourself: “Do I need this?” The best way to control the habit of spending is not to think ‘What I need’, but ‘Can I do without it?’

B.Answer the following questions. 
(a) How does spending lead to Psychological problems? Spending money does the same psychological Problems at all times? 
(b) What are the prevailing behaviour traits of salespersons? How do they induce the consumers? 
(c) Why should customers be aware? What is the best way to manage the habit of spending? 
(d) What are the attributes of overspending people? Why do children insist on buying things? 
(e) Why does the author discourage buying with credit cards? What lesson can young people learn?

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

2. The following sentences are jumbled. Rearrange thein in a proper sequence.

(i)All the servants were called and interrogated.

(ii) In order to find out the thief, the judge chalked out an intelligent plan.

(iii) Once a gold neck lace was lost from a rich man’s house. 

(iv) The servants were summoned to the court but they denied having stolen the necklace. 

(v) When the servants came to the court the next day, the thief had already cut off an inch of his stick

(vi) But nobody confesscd their guilt. 

(vii) So, the owner of the house lodged a complaint in the court.

(viii) The judge found one of the sticks Shorter than the others and in this way, he could easily catch the thief.

(ix) Naturally it was suspected that one of the servants had stolen the necklace. 

(x) He gave each of the suspects a stick of equal length and said that one of the sticks would increase by an inch the next day, 

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

3. Read the following text and make short notes in each of the boxes, showing the benefits of meditation. (One is Done for you.) 

Meditation in our time is practiced by people to reduce stress and tension, and improve focus. There are trainers who help beginners with some(exercises such as improved breathing and progressive relaxation, One of the most common approaches of meditation is concentration. To develop concentration one needs to focus on a single point. Since focusing the mind is challenging, a beginner might meditate for onlya few minutes and then work up to longer durations. Meditation releases anxiety and brings a state of calmness. It increases the thinking ability of human brain so that people have a better control of their emotions. Those who practice meditation can work tirelessly for a longer period of time. Meditation helps improve blood circulation in the Brain and other parts of the body. Finally, meditation creativity, self- awareness and tolerance.

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

4. Fill in each gap with suitable word from the box. Make any grammatical changes if necessary. There are more words in the box than you need.

Warning Anticipation  Increase Provide  Severe Result 
Particularly Habitats Alarming Extinct Rise  Chop 

The destruction of forests and other (a)___ is causing the (b)___ of various plants and animals every day. In the last 25 years alone the world has lost one-third of its natural wealth. Forests are being (c)___ down Moreover, they are being burnt, (d)___ in an (e)___ in carbon dioxide and ultimately the water level is (f)___ as a consequence of global (g)___ It is (h)_ that the new century will face an overwhelming environment (i)___. It is therefore (j)___ to check the reckless pollution to the environment. 

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap. 

Jerry, an orphan of twelve, (a)_ in an orphanage. The authoress hired a cabin belonging (b)_ the orphanage. Jerry came to her cabin to chop (c)_ for the fireplace. He also (d)_some extra work for the(e)_ authoress, Once Jerry found a (f)_ where he put (g)_ and medium wood so (h)_ Authoress might find (i)_ fire materials ready in case (j)_ a sudden wet weather.

ব্যাখ্যা আনলক করতে চর্চা প্রিমিয়াম এ আপগ্রেড করো

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